I Will Vote For True Federalism in United States of Biafra

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Adabiafra
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PostAdabiafra on Thu Oct 13, 2016 2:34 pm

One of the most well-known examples of
federalism is the United States. Learn what
other countries use this type of government
and how it works.
Federalism is a system of
government that divides
power between a political
units and a central authority.
Power is spread between a
minimum of two units with
powers divided between the
parts. The number of
branches in the government and the way
power is divided is not the same for all
federalist governments.
Some examples of Federalism include the
United States, Canada, and the European
Union. There are certainly other nations
with a federalist government, however,
these are some of the largest and most well
recognized.
The United States
The United States is probably the most well-
known of the examples of Federalism. There
are multiple federalist systems in place
within the United States. Each state has
individual sections, such as counties, which
are governed by a state government made
up of multiple branches. Each state is
ultimately governed by a federal government
made up of three branches. Two of the
branches, the legislative and the executive,
are elected positions.
The ability of the federalism philosophy was
most rigorously tested in the United States
during the Civil War. It was during this time
that many of the southern states chose to
secede from the national government.
However, the national government headed
by President Abraham Lincoln did not
recognize their power to do so and thus
they never officially seceded from the United
States.
Canada
In Canada, the powers of the government
are divided between the ten individual
provincial governments and the federal
parliament. Legislative powers were
specifically granted by the Constitution Act
of 1867. The federal government in Canada
is limited in part by the powers that were
specifically given, in this act, to the provincial
governments.
As with many federalist systems, the amount
of power each branch holds is often in
debate.
The European Union
While many people in Europe hesitate to call
the European Union a federalist
government, it does fit the basic
requirements and most federalism
authorities do classify it as such. Each of the
European Union countries has their own
system of governments, much like the states
in the United States and the Canadian
provinces. They then have the European
Council which is made up of the President of
the European Council, the President of the
European Commission and the head of state
or government for each of the member
nations.
Other Examples of Federalism
There are numerous examples of Federalism
throughout the world. Some of these
include Australia, Brazil, China, India, the
Russian Federation, and Belgium. Other
nations have adopted federalism in the past
but do not currently adhere to the tenants
such as Iraq and Czechoslovakia. Because
federalism is a philosophy of government it
is not restricted to national governments.
Other examples of federalism can be found
in private and religious organizations.
Resources:
Standford University http://
plato.stanford.edu/entries/federalism/
Federalism in Canada http://www.pco-
bcp.gc.ca/aia/index.asp?doc=why-pourquoi-
eng.htm&lang=eng&page=federal&sub=why-
pourquoi
World Fact Book https://www.cia.gov/
library/publications/the-world-factbook/
geos/ee.html
Berkley University http://
www.law.berkeley.edu/centers/csls/
CSLSspeakerseries/Federalism.Chapter1.pdf

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